All Muslims believe in:
- The oneness of Allah. Allah has no partner, son, daughter, helper, or competitor. There is nothing that even remotely resembles Him, for He is unique.
- All of the messengers and prophets of Allah. The Qur’an states that each people has received revelation from Allah in its own tongue so that all individuals know what is required of them. The Qur’an mentions twenty-five of them by name, among them Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Issac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, David, Solomon, John, Jesus, and Muhammad.
There are, however, many others who are not named. Muhammad, the last prophet, was sent with a universal message meant for all of humanity The message revealed through him is the Qur’an, which is Allah’s final presentation of the original revelation received by mankind in its purest form. A Muslim must accept all of Allah’s prophets and messengers as legitimate, for denial of one means denial of all. For western readers who are not convinced that Muhammad is a prophet of Allah, proof of this claim can be found in the Bible (Deut. 18:15-18, 33:2-3; Isaiah 29:12; Songs of Solomon 5:16;John 14:1516, 16:12-14) as well as in the biographical accounts of Muhammad’s life, which was lived in full view of his contemporaries.
- The original messages revealed through Allah’s various prophets and messengers. The purest of these is the Qur’an, for it was recorded during the lifetime of the Prophet and under his direct supervision. The revelations mentioned in the Qur’an as having been received by other prophets, such as the Suhuf of Abraham, the Torah of Moses, the Zubur (Psalms) of David, and the Injeel (Bible) of Jesus,have all been either lost or corrupted.
- The existence of angels as part of the unseen world. They are spiritual beings who have no need for food, drink, or sleep.
- Day of Judgment. The Qur’an teaches that life is a test for each individual, for everyone must choose whether he will or will not follow the commands of Allah. On this day, a person will be resurrected and asked to account for what he did while he was alive. Those with good records will be rewarded and enter paradise, while those with bad records will be punished by being sent to hell. This belief develops within the individual an awareness of Allah’s presence and a desire to obey His laws sincerely and voluntarily . A Muslim believes that nothing happens without the knowledge and permission of Allah. While we may not understand why certain things happens, it is part of the divine plan for our lives.